The importance of philosophical thinking in nursing science

  • Taevika Choakprasanchai Ramathibodi School of Nursing, Mahidol University, Thailand
  • Amar Akbar Bina Sehat PPNI Institute Of Health Science
Keywords: philosophy, nursing, importance


In nursing field, point of view a nurse’s action on a patient, family, or community is as meaning of philosophy.  Nevertheless, how does philosophy of science relate to nursing?, it is also a question that many people still doubt.  This short essay aims to express my understanding about the importance  philosophy of science and nursing science.Regarding to nursing field, why nursing have to concern itself with science is an important question.  As we know, nurse’s role is to take care a patient and science is a way to build the knowledge.Philosophy of science and nursing science are so important, especially for nurses.  It helps nurses to find out the reality of the truth and raise awareness of not only the uses scientific method to build the knowledge, but also applying the art in order to better taking care patient.  Moreover, having deep understanding of philosophy, science, and nursing science is essential condition to become a nurse scientist to improve the best care practice. 


Download data is not yet available.


Bandman, E. L. & Bandman, B. (1995). Elements of reasoning. In E. L., Bandman, & B., Bandman

(Eds.), Critical thinking in nursing (pp.31-56). Norwalk, CT: Appleton J. Lange.

Blackburn, S. (1996). Metaphysics. In N., Bunnin, & E. P. Tsui-James (Eds.), The Blackwell

companion to philosophy (2nd ed., pp. 61-89). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Carper, B. A. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowledge in nursing. Advanced in Nursing

Sciences, 1(1), 13-23.

Earman, J., & Salmon, W. C. (1999). The confirmation of scientific hypotheses. In M. H., Salmon,

J., Earman, & C., Glymor (Eds.), Introduction to the philosophy of science (pp.42-103).

Indianapolis, IN: Hackette.

Lewes, G. H. (1864). Aristotle: A chapter from the history of science, including analyses of

Aristotle’s scientific writing. London: Smith, Elder, & co.

Meleis, A. I. (2007). Theoretical nursing: Development and progress. Philadelphia: Lippincott

Williams & Wilkins.

Mitchell, J. G. & Cody, W. K. (1999). Nursing knowledge and human science: Ontological and

epistemological consideration. In E. C., Polifroni & M., Welch (Eds.), Perspectives on

philosophy of science in nursing (pp. 202-262). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott.

Okasha, S. (2002). Philosophy of science: A very short introduction. New York: Oxford University.

Orem, D. E. (1971). Nursing: Concepts of practice. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Polifroni, E. C. (2014). Philosophy of science: An introduction. In J. B., Butts & K. L., Rich (Eds.), Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice (pp. 3-18). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Russell, B. (1979). Astronomy and religion. In F. E., Mosedale (Ed.), Philosophy and science: The

wide range of interaction (pp.15-21). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Van Frasser, B. C. (1980). The science image. Oxford: Oxford University.

Wiedenbach, E. (1964). Clinical nursing: A helping art. New York: Springer.

Wood, N. F., & Catzanzaro, M. (1988). Nursing research: Theory and practice. St.Louis: The C.V. Mosby. Co.

Ziman, J. (1980). What is science? In E. D., Klemke, R. Holinger, & A. D. Kline (Eds.),

Introductory readings in the philosophy of science (162- 186). Buffalo, NY: Prometheus


How to Cite
Choakprasanchai, T., & Akbar, A. (2019). The importance of philosophical thinking in nursing science. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY SCIENCE (IJNMS), 3(2), 73-79.