Risk Factors That Cause Stunting in Indonesia
The Sustainable Development Goals emphasizing an intervention to prioritize solutions to the global challenge of poor child development in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In 2015, about 25% of children under five years of age in low were stunted (Kim & Subramanian, 2017; Perkins et al., 2017; UNICEF, 2015)
The WHO conceptual framework for stunting (2013) identified household and family factors, complementary feeding, breastfeeding practices and infections as the most plausible causes of stunting(Stewart, Iannotti, Dewey, Michaelsen, & Onyango, 2013)
Black, R., Victora, C., Walker, S., Bhutta, Z., Christian, P., & Onis, M. de. (2013). Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries, 382:427â€“51.
Danaei, G., Andrews, K., Sudfeld, C., Fink, G., McCoy, D., & Peet, E. (2016). Risk Factors for Childhood Stunting in 137 Developing Countries: A Comparative Risk Assessment Analysis at Global, Regional, and Country Levels. Retrieved from doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002164. eCollection 2016
Hagos, S., Hailemariam, D., Woldehanna, T., & Lindtj, B. (2017). Spatial heterogeneity and risk factors for stunting among children under age five in Ethiopiaâ€¯: A Bayesian geo-statistical model, 1â€“19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170785
Hardhana, B., Budiono, C. S., Kurniasih, N., Manullang, E. V, Susanti, M. I., Pangribowo, S., â€¦ Sigit, B. B. (2017). Data dan Informasi Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2016.
Kim, R., & Subramanian, S. V. (2017). Social Science & Medicine Relative importance of 13 correlates of child stunting in South Asiaâ€¯: Insights from nationally representative data from Afghanistan , 187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.06.017
Novotny, R., Li, F., Guerrero, R. L., Coleman, P., Tufa, A. J., Bersamin, A., â€¦ Wilkens, L. R. (2017). Dual burden of malnutrition in US Affiliated Pacific jurisdictions in the Children â€™ s Healthy Living Program, 1â€“8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4377-6
Ohyver, M., Moniaga, J. V, & Restisa, K. (2017). ScienceDirect ScienceDirect Logistic Regression and Growth Charts to Determine Children Nutritional and Stunting Statusâ€¯: A Review. Procedia Computer Science, 116, 232â€“241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2017.10.045
Onis, D., KG, D., E, B., Onyango, Blossner, & Al., D. (2013). The World Health Organizationâ€™s global target for reducing childhood stunting by 2025: rationale and proposed actions, 9 Suppl 2.
Perkins, J. M., Kim, R., Krishna, A., Mcgovern, M., Aguayo, V. M., & Subramanian, S. V. (2017). Social Science & Medicine Understanding the association between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countriesâ€¯: Next steps for research and intervention. Social Science & Medicine, 193, 101â€“109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.09.039
Stewart, C., Iannotti, L., Dewey, K., Michaelsen, K., & Onyango, A. (2013). Contextualising complementary feeding in a broader framework for stunting prevention, 9 Suppl 2.
UNICEF. (2015). Levels and Trends in Child Malnutrition: Key Findings of the 2015 Edition. United Nations Childrenâ€™s Fund, World Health Organization, and World Bank Group.