The philosophies of science in developing nursing science

  • Ei Wah Phyu Thet Central Domiciliary Midwifery Training School, Department of Human Resource for Health, Ministry of Health and Sports, Myanmar
  • Amar Akbar Bina Sehat PPNI Institute Of Health Science
Keywords: science, philosphy, nursing

Abstract

During the successive wave of globalization, nurses emphasized the requirement of specialized knowledge to improve the nursing as a profession and to make the transition from vocation to profession. The science of nursing is a foundation of knowing for nurses. Also there has a shift of nursing metaparadigm based on Kuhn’s philosophy of science. It was assumed that Philosophies are theoretical works that included one or more of the metaparadigm concepts.

Philosophy provide us broad general view of what is science and human science, evolution of science, function of scientific theory, scientific methodologies, different philosophical approaches, significant philosophical shift in different eras and it would be helpful for the development of nursing as a discipline from adhering to the knowledge that we learnt in this paper.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alligood, M. R., Wood, A. F., & Alligood, A. R. (2013). The nature of knowledge needed for nursing practice. Nursing Theory-E-Book: Utilization & Application, 1.
Audi, R. (1999). The Cambridge dictionary of philosophy.
Bandman, E.L. & Bandman, B. (1995). Elements of Reasoning. In E.L. Bandman, & B. Bandman (Eds), Critical thinking in nursing (pp.31-56). Norwalk, CT: Appleton J.Lange.
Bernstein, R. J. (2011). Beyond objectivism and relativism: Science, hermeneutics, and praxis: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Carnap, R. (1962). Logical foundations of probability.
Carper, B. A. (1999). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Perspectives on philosophy of science in nursing: an historical and contemporary anthology. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 12-20.
Cincotta RB, B. S. (1998). Family history of preeclampsia as a predictor for preeclampsia in primigravidas. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 60, 23-27.
Cody, W. K., & Mitchell, G. J. (2002). Nursing knowledge and human science revisited: Practical and political considerations. Nursing science quarterly, 15(1), 4-13.
COOMBE, C 2003: Consultation on HIV/Aids and teacher education in East and Southern Africa. Paper presented at InWent, Kopanong Conference Centre, Johannesburg, 28-30 October.
Dickoff, J., & James, P. (1968). A theory of theories: A position paper. Nurs Res, 17(3), 197-203.
Fawcett, J. (2005). Criteria for evaluation of theory. Nursing science quarterly, 18(2), 131-135.
Fawcett, J., & Garity, J. (2009). Evaluating research for evidence-based nursing practice. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.
Gortner, S. R. (1990). Nursing values and science: Toward a science philosophy. Image: the Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 22(2), 101-105.
Hamlyn, D. W., (1961). History of Epistemiology; Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Moemillan Publishing Co.
Hempel, C. G. (1967). Philosophy of natural science.
Hume, D. (2006). An enquiry concerning the principles of morals (Vol. 4): Oxford University Press.
Jacobs-Kramer, M. K., & Chinn, P. L. (1988). Perspectives on knowing: a model of nursing knowledge. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 2(2), 129.
Kuhn, T. S. (1970). The structure ofscientific revolutions. University ot ‘Chicago Press, Chicago, 84-85.
McCurry, M. K., Revell, S. M. H., & Roy, S. C. (2010). Knowledge for the good of the individual and society: linking philosophy, disciplinary goals, theory, and practice. Nursing philosophy, 11(1), 42-52.
McCurry, M.K., Revell, S. M. H, & Roy, C. (2011). Knowledge for the good of the individual and society: Linking philosophy, disciplinary goals, theory, and practice. Nursing Philosophy, 11, 42-51
Meleis, A. I. (2011). Theoretical nursing: Development and progress: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Okasha, S. (2016). Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction: Oxford University Press.
Popper, K. (2005). The logic of scientific discovery: Routledge.
Published
2019-05-11
How to Cite
Thet, E., & Akbar, A. (2019). The philosophies of science in developing nursing science. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY SCIENCE (IJNMS), 3(1), 43-49. https://doi.org/10.29082/IJNMS/2019/Vol3.Iss1.212